On Friday the Union Cabinet approved Rs 10,000 crore budget for the “Gaganyaan project” under which a three-member crew would be in space for at least seven days. The testing phase is expected to begin from December 2020 and the mission will be undertaken from 2022.
The project Gaganyaan was first announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the occasion of Independence Day.
According to the report, The Gaganyaan programme will establish a broader framework for collaboration between ISRO, academia, industry, national agencies and other scientific organisations. It will also allow pooling in of diverse technological and industrial capabilities and enable broader participation in research opportunities and technology development which will benefit a large number of students and researchers.
This ambitious project could make India the fourth nation to send a man to space after the United States, Russia and China. The rocket which is designed by the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) will orbit the Earth at 400 km altitude.
Since 2004, when Isro first prepared a plan for human spaceflight, the agency has been developing technologies that are building blocks for such a mission. The most crucial is that the new manned capsule can carry humans and which Isro has successfully demonstrated by having a prototype re-enter the earth’s atmosphere withstanding the thermal heat caused by friction.
The Isro’s programme will generate employment and train human resources in advanced technologies and is likely to inspire a large number of young students to take up science and technology careers for national development.