Childhood is known to be one of the most memorable phase of any individual, but it is not true with some of the children as they are forced and exploited physically, mentality and emotionally when they even don’t understands the real meaning of those heavy words.
According to UNICEF, around 12.6 million children is trafficked worldwide, and the number is not very good in India as at every eight minute, a single children disappear within in a flash according to the National Crime Records.
As per the US Department of State, “India is a source, destination and transit country for men, women and children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking. The majority of India’s trafficking problem is internal, and those from the most disadvantaged social strata- lowest caste Dalits, members of tribal communities, religious minorities and women and girls from excluded groups- are most vulnerable”.
Among the human trafficking cases including those of children in India, 10% is only associated with the international borders while 90% is interstate. As far as international dealing is concerned, the main spot is chosen as Nepal as between 5,000 and 7,000 Nepalese girls aged 9-10 years were trafficked into red lights districts of Indian cities while 2,00,00 to 2,50,000 Nepalese women were already engages in inhuman business in India.
Not just from the Nepal, but children from the other neighbouring countries are trafficked into India just for the sex trade and the estimated figures out from 12,000 to 50,000. They are mainly forced into prostitution, domestic help, exploitative labour or in some few cases their organs are illegally harvested.
Another reason for the child trafficking is the increasing demand of the live-in maids in urban areas which led to trafficking of girls mainly from West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. These girls were first kept in small unhygienic conditions in placement agencies and later to employer’s home. They are often forced to do household work and sexual abuse by their employers. Fourteen-year-old Jyoti was forced to marry a 40-year old man for Rs 15,000 in order to produce a mail heir.
As per the reports by the National Human Rights Commission of India, 40,000 children are abducted every year, leaving 11,000 untraced. Till date, the children involved in the begging cases are around 3,00,000.
Despite India is considered as the hub for the human trafficking, the serious issue is on a low priority for the Indian Government as India is the fourth largest employers of slavery in the world after North Korea, Uzbekistan and Cambodia.