In a unanimous decision, The United Nations Security Council stepped up sanctions against North Korea on Monday over the country’s sixth and most powerful nuclear test executed on September 3. The UN Security Council imposed a ban on North Korea’s textile exports and also capped the imports of crude oil. This was the 9th sanction resolution imposed by the 15-member council since 2006 over North Korea’s ballistic missile and nuclear programs. A week ago, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley appealed for the “strongest possible” sanctions on North Korea.
Nikki Haley said on Monday that the United States was not looking for war with North Korea and that North Korea could still make it right. Nikki said that if North Korea agrees to stop its nuclear program, it can reclaim its future. She also said that the world will live in peace with North Korea if only if North Korea itself learns to live in peace.
China’s U.N. ambassador, Liu Jieyi, urged North Korea to “take seriously the expectations and will of the international community”. He also requested all parties to remain “cool-headed” and not stoke tensions.
A Security Council resolution needs nine votes of the member nations in favour and no vetoes to pass. In negotiations on the latest resolution, various diplomats said that Russia had questioned what leverage the Security Council would have left if North Korea continued to conduct nuclear and missile testing. Ahead of the vote, French U.N. Ambassador Francois Delattre said “This is a compromise in order to get everybody on board.”
The recent sanction against North Korea can have a major impact as Textiles were North Korea’s second-biggest export after coal and other minerals in 2016, totalling $752 million, 80% of which went to China.
There was widespread anger in the International community and North Korea was condemned for its latest nuclear test on September 3rd, which it said was of an advanced hydrogen bomb. North Korea warned the United States on Monday and said that it would pay a “due price” for leading efforts on U.N. sanctions. The North Korean Foreign Ministry said, “The world will witness how the DPRK tames the U.S. gangsters by taking a series of actions tougher than they have ever envisaged.”