NITI Aayog released composite water management index on Thursday according to which the state of Gujarat, despite facing the water crisis has topped the list while states like Jharkhand is the worst performer along with the 15 states.
The report further added that India is facing the worst water crisis in the history and millions of lives and livelihoods are under threat.
It says, “At present, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about two lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water”.
As per the reports, The country’s water demand is estimated to be twice the current available supply thus creating severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people by 2030.
Besides Gujarat, the states which have performed really well includes Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra while Tripura topped among the North eastern and Himalayan states.
NITI CEO Amitabh Kant said, “The think tank ranked all the states across nine broad sectors with 28 different indicators covering various aspects of ground water, restoration of water bodies, irrigation, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance”.
The worst performing states in the water management includes Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Jharkhand and Bihar. About 52% of the agricultural area in India depends on rainfall so the future expansion of irrigation needs to be focussed on the last mile efficiency.