On Wednesday India pays tribute to Chandra Shekar Azad on his 88th death anniversary. Chandra Shekar Azad was born as Chandra Shekar Tiwari on 23rd July 1906 and died on 27th February 1931 at Alfred Park in Allahabad.
Chandra Shekhar Azad was the young, independent and fearless revolutionary leader who has left a strong legacy of courage for the Indians to follow. The brave heart, shook by the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre of 1919 in which hundreds of civilians were killed by the Army, decided to participate in the Mahatma Gandhi-led Non-co-operation Movement in 1920.
When Chandra Shekar Azad was just 15 years old, he was highly passionate for the independence movement and at an age of 24 years, Azad etched his name on the hearts of people in India. The Colt pistol of Chandra Shekhar Azad is displayed at the Allahabad Museum.
During his early teens, Azad was deeply affected by the Jallianwala Bagh incident and eventually found himself to be one of the many youngsters who joined Mahatma Gandhi in his call for non-cooperation.
At the age of 15, he was arrested for participating in Gandhi’s movement and when asked for his name in the jail he promptly replied ‘Azad’ (the free). It is believed that since then he came to be known as Chandrashekhar Azad.
But it was Gandhi’s suspension of the non-cooperation movement that prompted Azad to aggressively pursue his cause. Soon after Chandra Shekhar Azad joined Ram Prasad Bismil’s HRA and became one of its most active members.
When Chandra Shekhar Azad managed to evade the British after the Kakori case, Azad sought the company of Bhagat Singh in reorganizing the HRA. In its redefined form, it came to be known as the Hindustan Socialist Republic Association (HSRA). The group had a single objective, that of the creation of an independent India on strong socialist principles.