The world along with Google Doodle is celebrating International Labour Day today as a tribute to those hard-working class and labourers all around the globe. It is a public holiday in many countries and in our country, the Labour Day is also referred as ‘Antarrashtriya Shramik Diwas’ or ‘Kamgar Din’.
The Google Doodle is celebrating Labour Day through his purple-coloured Doodle showing different equipment’s used by the working class. This includes nuts and bolts, stethoscope, safety helmets batteries, wires and glasses
The Labour Day was first recognized in the 19th century in United States during the era of industrialization when labour class was exploited and forced to work up to 15 hours a day. Thus, to stop the unfair treatment against them, the workers were united and demanded paid leaves, proper wages and breaks from the unfair working schedule.
Thus, the long hour labour movement have given the basic rights for the eight hours of work, eight hours of recreation and eight hours of workforce. The main reason for celebrating Labour Day all aroung the world is throw a light on the unfair treatment prevailing still for the labour class in the world.
Different countries have different stories to share on Labour day.
In Chicago, the day is also marked as the Haymarket affairs or Haymarket massacre which leads to several deaths in 1886. On May 1, 1886 workers gathered for the general strike to protest for the eight-hour workday but on May 4, police disperse the public assembly gathered in support of the strike when a unidentified man threw a bomb and in response, the fire open fired on the workers thus leading to several deaths.
For the communist countries like China, North Korea, Cuba and the Former Soviet Union, an important holiday is declared on this day and various socialist and communist groups held protests to demand for the better future.
The Labour Day or May Day is first celebrated in India in 1923 by the Labour Kisan Party organised in Chennai at two different locations. One was organised at Triplicane Beach and other was at the Beach opposite to Madras High Court.